An Achilles tendon injury can happen to anyone, whether you’re an athlete or just going about your everyday life. The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in your body. It stretches from the bones of your heel to your calf muscles. You can feel it. It is a springy band of tissue at the back of your ankle and above your heel. It lets you point your toes toward the floor. The Achilles tendon is the large tendon at the back of the ankle. It connects the big calf muscles at the back of the lower leg to the foot and inserts at the back of the heel or calcaneus bone. It provides the power in the push off phase of walking and running where huge forces are transmitted through the Achilles tendon. Achilles tendonitis is usually an overuse injury caused by doing too much too soon.
It is pretty common for this tendon to get injured. It could be mild or moderate and feel like a burning pain or stiffness in that part of your leg. But if it’s severe, it may mean that your Achilles tendon is partly torn or completely ruptured. Although overuse is the primary cause, there are a number of factors which can increase your risk of sustaining the injury including poor footwear, soft training surfaces, tight muscles and foot bio-mechanics and running uphill. Achilles pain is usually caused by excessive or unbalanced tension in the Achilles tendon which causes micro tears at the attachment to the heel bone. This can be due to a muscle imbalance (shortening of the calf muscle) or hyperpronation (fallen arches and ankles rolling in). Hyperpronation causes the heel to lean in which typically causes increased tension on the inside attachment. Achilles pain may also be caused by the heel counter of your shoes rubbing against the tendon or tendon attachment area.